recovered memory therapy

a false memory can be described as …
“a condition in which a person’s identity and interpersonal relationships are centred around a memory of traumatic experience which is objectively false but in which the person strongly believes.”

Victims of false memory may continue to believe vehemently that their ‘memories’ are accurate, in spite of objective evidence to the contrary.

Very often these cases are characterised by the emergence of new abuse memories following psychiatric illness, counselling or psychotherapy.

Some therapists believe that problems which present in adult life are a result of repressed trauma …

Based on highly controversial principles and diagnoses, this treatment can broadly be described as ‘recovered memory therapy.’ It is not accepted by the mainstream medical and psychiatric professions and it is renowned for implanting false memories.

(The British False Memory Society)

Wikipedia –

Repressed memory is a controversial, and largely scientifically discredited, claim that memories for traumatic events may be stored in the unconscious mind and blocked from normal conscious recall.

As originally postulated by Sigmund Freud, repressed memory theory claims that although an individual may be unable to recall the memory, it may still affect the individual through subconscious influences on behaviour and emotional responding.

Despite widespread belief in the phenomenon of repressed memories among laypersons and clinical psychologists, most research psychologists who study the psychology of memory dispute that repression ever occurs at all.

While some psychologists claim that repressed memories can be recovered through psychotherapy (or may be recovered spontaneously, years or even decades after the event, when the repressed memory is triggered by a particular smell, taste, or other identifier related to the lost memory), experts in the psychology of memory argue that, rather than promoting the recovery of a real repressed memory, psychotherapy is more likely to contribute to the creation of false memories.